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Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander communities

Case study: Self-collected cervical screening

In this case study Sandy Anderson (OAM) talks about self-collected cervical screening as a way to reduce barriers for some communities.

Self-collected cervical screening is an effective method to reduce barriers for some women and people with a cervix, such as those who experience fear of the test, discomfort and/or history of sexual trauma.

From 1 July 2022 women and people with a cervix aged 25-74 years will have the choice to screen using either a self-collected vaginal sample or a clinician collected sample taken from the cervix. Both are equally effective at detecting HPV.

People with a cervix have two options for their Cervical Screening Test. All methods are just as safe and effective at detecting HPV.

1. They can use a self-collection swab to collect a sample of cells from their vagina. Their doctor or nurse should offer a private space for them to collect their own test sample. Their doctor or nurse should explain how to do the test and can help if they need it.

2. Their doctor or specially trained nurse can do a Cervical Screening Test for using a speculum and a small brush to take a sample of cells from their cervix.

It is important for people with a cervix to talk to their screening provider about their screening history, health and personal experiences to find a cervical screening method that is best suited for them.

Screening providers should help them to understand what happens during the test and afterwards, so they are well prepared.

For more information about self-collection visit

* Please note this following case study video was filmed prior to universal self-collection when eligibility requirements were in place. As of July 1 2022, no additional eligibility requirements are in place and anyone with a cervix aged 25-74 who is eligible for a Cervical Screening Test can choose self-collection.