In addition to the general barriers women may face participating in screening, the following have also been identified as common for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders:
- Shame, fear and embarrassment about screening and cancer.
- Distrust of healthcare providers, mainstream providers and government services.
- Lack of culturally sensitive and appropriate health services.
- Lack of Indigenous and female healthcare providers.
- Cultural perceptions around cancer may influence decision to access screening.
- Lack of access to health services due to distance/remoteness and transport.
- Low knowledge/awareness of the importance and benefits of cancer screening.
- Prioritisation of family needs before their own health.
- Lack of Indigenous-specific, culturally-relevant educational resources e.g. speaking posters, as very few local Central Australian languages are written or read.